Gynecology & Obstetrics


Obstetrics and Gynecology are health specialties that center on two diverse aspects of the female reproductive system. Obstetrics deals with the care of expecting women, the unborn baby, labor and delivery and the direct period subsequent to childbirth. The obstetrician ensures that mother and child get the finest prenatal care to make sure labor and delivery is accomplished with no complications. In case an intervention is needed, it is done using a quick and safe approach.

Gynecology deals with several ailments relating to the reproductive organs; uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and vagina. A gynecologist might also take care of the problems in the bowel, bladder and urinary system since these are directly associated with the female reproductive organs.


Obstetrics explicitly deals with the safety of the pregnant woman and her newborn. Throughout pregnancy, a numeral of complications can arise, including ectopic pregnancy a condition where the embryo is in the fallopian tube, fetal distress caused by compression , problems with the placenta or high blood pressure which might be a precursor of a serious illness called pre-eclampsia.

The obstetrician is skilled in all these complications of childbirth and ensures both the mother and the infant are securely guided throughout every phase of pregnancy and childbirth. Whether the infant is delivered vaginally or through the course of a caesarian section, an obstetrician will handle all the possible difficulties with ease.

Subsequent to the delivery, an obstetrician shifts her focus to the wellbeing of the mother and child, and ensures that both are safe and devoid of any deadly complications.

The medical area of expertise of obstetrics has made pregnancy and childbirth an existence altering event to be embraced with confidence and modern medicine has made the process safe and predictable.


While the majority of gynecologists are furthermore obstetricians, the field of Gynecology focuses on all other additional aspects of a woman’s reproductive health from the commencement of puberty throughout menopause and beyond.

Women often visit their gynecologist for their yearly Pap test and pelvic examination. Additional reasons a woman would see her gynecologist are for infections, pain or discomfort in the uterus, genitals or breasts. Gynecologists also offer support with infertility issues and use of contraception.

Gynecology diagnoses and treats all the diseases of the reproductive organs, including cancer in the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina or fallopian tubes. A gynecologist moreover treats prolapse of the pelvic organs. This is a situation generally present in the postmenopausal women with undermined pelvic muscles that cannot sustain the uterus or bladder appropriately.

Further diseases that treated by gynecologists include the yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and aching menstruation, painful intercourse and other diseases correlated to menopause which may possibly require a surgical approach.

Surgical Procedures

Gynecology encompasses precise surgical procedures linked to the female reproductive organs. The most common procedures are:

  • Tubal ligation
  • Hysterectomy
  • Oophorectomy
  • Salpingectomy
  • Cone biopsy