Sudden illness or injury requires immediate physician’s attention to prevent any danger and prevent disability and death. The most common cause of trauma/injury is a road accident. It is the fourth major cause of death after communicable diseases, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.

Need For Emergency Department

3.5 people die every year due to road traffic accidents. 10-15 million people die every year due to vehicular accidents. One death occurs every 50th second and one gets injured every 2 seconds.

Keeping this mind a special branch of trauma care medicine was incepted at City Hospital with trained trauma care physicians and surgeons.


The emergency department is a medical treatment facility at City Hospital that specializes in providing emergency care to the patients during a crisis. This emergency and trauma care department is designed to meet all the medical and surgical emergencies, including polytrauma.

To further minimize the delay in treatment, the trauma care is provided at the site of the accident in the form of basic and advanced life care support.

Apart from the trauma due to accidents there also exists an emergency unit for the threatening medical conditions that are life endangering.

Spontaneous abortion: This is a non-induced embryonic fetal death or passage of products of conception before the 20th week of gestation. Spontaneous abortion occurs in about 10-15% of the pregnancies, the cause being unknown. This threatening condition is a medical emergency as vaginal bleeding occurs during this condition.

Traumatic Brain Injury: A traumatic brain injury occurs when an unexpected, vicious blow or jolt to the head results in brain damage. This sort of impact on the head or brain is frequently associated with internal bleeding or swelling of the brain.

Heart Attack: A Heart Attack or Myocardial Infarction is a severe medical emergency in which the supply of blood to the heart is abruptly blocked, frequently by a blood clot. Tightness and pain in the chest are the frequently correlated conditions observed in these patients.

Respiratory Failure: Respiratory failure occurs when the inhalation of oxygen and exhalation of carbon dioxide from the bloodstream is impaired resulting in a life-threatening situation.

Trauma: Traumas occurring due to accident or a fall result in injuries affecting various parts of the body. High impact force or stress on the bone due to trauma results in a break in the continuity of the bones a medical emergency condition causing intense pain procedures.